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turmeric benefits

Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) are one of the many medicinal plants have benefits, such as spices (especially curry), food coloring, beverages, textiles and cosmetics. These plants have been known for a long time in Indonesia and its use quite a lot in everyday life. Given the current pattern of symptoms tend to be modern with all instant, making the disease from progressing in the community are also diverse. In the last ten years, many diseases are sticking in the community including aids, cancer, and even bird flu symptoms of early senility. This condition makes people start to think to look for alternative treatments in addition to conventional modern medicine. One of the potential medicinal plants as a substitute for chemical treatment that can memperlam late arrival of senile diseases is turmeric. The use of these plants are usually in the form of powder or turmeric powder is formulated into the seasoning.

Turmeric rhizome extremely useful as an antikoagul, lowering blood pressure, de-worming, Abat asthma, adding the blood, drug stomach pain, diarrhea, appendicitis, and arthritis. In addition to efficacy in the treatment, rhizome of turmeric is also widely used for coloring materials, mixed materials, cosmetic, bactericide, fungicide, and stimulants.

Turmeric to prevent Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s disease is a type of senile diseases common to humans who began entering old age (the elderly). Naturally, dementia is common to every man because the physical condition of the brain decreases. But in pikunpun can slow down the arrival of using turmeric in the form of boom-bu kare. Turmeric as an ingredient of curry spice widely used in many recipes can be felt to maintain the quality of brain aging. One evidence is the elderly who are in Asian countries still have a good memory in old age because they are diligent eating curry spices.

Results of research Dr. Tze-Pin Ng from National University of Singapore (NUS) in 1010 elderly aged 60 to 93 in 2003, showed that seniors who diligently consume curry spice has a better memory than those who rarely or never at all. This will probably make us curious and want to know. Apparently the secret lies in the yellow dyes (kurkumin) contained in the rhizome of turmeric is used in making the curry spices. Kurkumin in turmeric have a very important function in treating various types of diseases because these compounds can act as anti-tumor promoter, antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and anti-virus. In addition to the turmeric kurkumin it also plays a role in improving the immune system.

Turmeric powder which will be made curry spice concoction materials can be made from the tubers of dried saffron. In terms of simplicity, tubers that have been sliced and dried, it’s easier to be milled flour. In consumer countries like the United States and England, turmeric powder is used directly as a spice in food coloring, and manufacturing raw materials oleoresin. In India, turmeric powder is one of the basic material for the manufacture of curry spices (curry powder) which is a homogeneous mixture of different types of turmeric powder.

With curry spices consumed regularly, can reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease can cause total senile because the physical condition of the brain that continues to decline. But make no mistake, the excessive use of any of the elderly could bring undesirable effects of abdominal pain, liver disorders or ginjal.Dari the conclusions the researchers reported in the American Journal of Epidemiology Edition 1 November 2006, declared that spice curry is potentially preventing Alzheimer’s because the views of its efficacy and not poisonous. The results of this study is the first evidence showing the relationship between curry consumption with brain cognitive abilities.

The figure of plants
Turmeric (Curcuma domestica Vahl.) Is a native medicinal plants of Southeast Asia and has developed extensively in South Asia, South China, Taiwan, the Philippines and grow well in Indonesia. Plants grow up as tall as 1.0 to 1.5 m. Having ridden pseudo stem by stem, leaf midrib. Leaves of plants with sharp and slippery length of approximately 30 cm and 8 cm wide. Flower stems arise from quasi-length about 10 – 15 cm. Flower color is white or green and white stripes sometimes tip pink flowers. The main part of the plant is located rimpangnya in the ground. It usually grows rhizome and rhizome creeping stem usually shaped ellipse.

Environment grows
Turmeric can grow well in ketingggian 0 to 1200 m above sea level. Adaptation of the plants very well in the heat to moderate climate with high humidity. Land suitable for growing saffron is a fertile soil, soil, humus and contains many good berdrainase. To obtain the growth optimum, turmeric should get wet months of about 4 – 6 months before the death of leaves. For the formation of rhizome essential that sufficient sunlight.

Turmeric rhizome phytochemical
enyawa major chemical-biological happened in the rhizome of turmeric is the essential oil and kurkumi paranoid. Essential oils contain compounds seskuiterpen alcohol, tour-meron and zingiberen, while kurkuminoid containing compounds and their derivatives kurkumin (yellow) that includes kurkumin and desmetoksi-bidesmetoksikurku-min. Also rhizome also contains compounds gom, fat, protein, calcium, phosphorus and iron.

Cultivation
Turmeric cultivation is easy. Rhizome plants should be used as seed that has been around the age of 10 months and weighs 20 to 30 g. Seeds should be planted which have the shoot as long as 2 to 3 cm. Prior to planting, the soil treated first with how to fork and digging in places that will be planted. Tilling should be done at the beginning of the rainy season. Manure can be given as much as 0.5 kg / planting hole and the optimal spacing is 50 cm x 50 cm and planting seeds with depth should be 7.5 cm – 10 cm, with bud eyes facing up.

Each planting hole should be at the contents with one seed and the seed is inserted, the planting hole covered with soil again. To get the growth and rhizome production of the op-optimal, preferably at the fertilizer plant with artificial fertilizers are SP36 and KCL at the beginning of each planting as much as 200 kg / ha and 200 kg urea / ha was given as three times that 1 / 3 doses at age 1 month, 2 months and 3 months after planting. In addition efforts are also important plant maintenance, which can be done by way of weeding out weeds once every two months and adjusted guludan.

Harvest
Turmeric is usually harvested at the age of about 9 to 10 months. Way that is easy to harvest enough to dig a fork rhizome. Try to not break rhizome left behind when excavated so that the weight gained higher. After digarpu, the land around the rhizome be cleaned and rim-stage dikumpukan in sacks. Usually yields can reach 20 to 30 tons / ha of fresh rhizome. (Cheppy Thanksgiving, Sitti Fatimah. S, Warta Puslitbangbun)

balittro.litbang.deptan.go.id

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